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Tuesday, 16 July 2013

ramadan africa


Ramadan calendar month

Ramadan is (the ninth month of the Islamic calendar;
the month of fasting, the holiest period for the Islamic faith).
Ramadan Wrote :
Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān
Persian: رمضانRamazān
Urdu: رمضان Ramzān
 Turkish: Ramazan

ramadan rules

The fast of Ramadan in Arabic (صوم رمضان  sawm of ramadan) are one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
 Fasting is fard "obligatory" for adult Muslims, except those who are ill, traveling, pregnant, diabetic or going through menstrual bleeding.
While fasting from dawn until sunset, Muslims refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations.

Food and drink is served daily, before sunrise and after sunset. 
 Fasting during Ramadan typically includes the increased offering of salat (prayers) and recitation of the Noble Quran.

The holy month of Ramadan unites all Muslims in fasting, feasting, worship and prayer. It is a time for contemplation, spirituality and brotherhood. It is also known and recognised as the month of the Qur'an Allah (SW) says:
“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).” (Al-Baqarah 2:185)

May this Ramadan be one we benefit fully from and whereby we increase in emaan and taqwa, Ameen
May our acts of worship multiply abundantly ameen. May we increase in righteous actions, and do good deeds sincerely for Allah Alone, ameen.
May our character become beautified, may our hearts become connected upon this haqq and we fulfill each others rights with happiness, ameen.
May we be saved from the punishment of the fire, and enter Paradise, ameen. May Allah forgive us of our sins and have mercy on us all, ameen.
Muslim usually greet each other with “ ramadan karim” Which means Ramadan is Generous.

Reciting the Qur'an in Ramadan

it is essential for the person fasting to recite the Qur'an much during these blessed days and honorable nights of Ramadan. For indeed, there is a special virtue for the abundance of recitation in these days, which is not found in any other month.
 He should take advantage of the nobleness of time during Ramadan, in which Allah revealed the Qur'an
There is a special merit to reciting the Qur'an in the nights of Ramadan.
 For indeed, the night brings an end to the busy daily affairs, the enthusiasm is roused and the heart and the tongue mount upon reflecting.
And Allah is the one in whom we seek assistance.

ramadan dates

 in Ramadan Dates are favorite  fruit .The prophet muhammed peace be upon him used to broke his fast by eating dates and it’s Good for health .
Dates are an excellent source of fiber, sugar, magnesium, potassium, and have carbohydrates which will aid the body in maintaining health.
 The carbohydrates found in dates also make the fruit a slower digesting food, much better than fried or fatty foods which digest fast and leave one hungry for more!

Ramadan Foods
During Ramadan, two main meals are served; the suhoor, which is served before dawn, and the iftar, which is served after sunset. Since the suhoor is intended to last one throughout the day, it tends to be a heavy and hearty meal. Suhoor ends when the sun rises and the fajr, or morning prayer, begins. At the end of the day, when the sun sets, the maghrib prayer starts, and the day's fast is broken with the iftar meal. Many Muslims break their fast by eating dates before beginning the iftar meal. Muslims can continue eating and drinking throughout the night until the next day's suhoor. At the end of the Ramadan month, Muslims celebrate the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast, called Eid al-Fitr.
Both of the suhoor and iftar meals contain fresh fruit, vegetables, halal meats, breads, cheeses, and sweets. Remember that the Muslim world is large and is not constrained to the Middle East; there are Muslims worldwide in Europe, North America, Asia, Africa, and Australia. The types of food served vary by region. The meals are served either at home with family, or in the community mosques, or other designated places within the Muslim community.

Ramadan  : Some foods that may be served at a Ramadan suhoor or iftar

·         Dates, pistachios, other nuts, and dried fruits
·         Fresh seasonal fruits
·         Fresh seasonal vegetables
·         Chabbakia - a dessert made of fried dough flavored with orange blossom water and coated with sesame seeds and honey. (Morocco)
·         Paomo - a bread and mutton soup (China)
·         Ramazan Kebabi - a dish made with lamb, onions, yogurt, and pita bread. (Turkey)
·         Sherbet - the world's first soft drink, developed in the Ottoman Empire. Sherbets are made from fruit juices, extracts of flowers, or herbs, and combined with water and sugar. (Turkey) 
·         Chapatis - unleavened flatbread that is rolled up with vegetables and meats. (India and Pakistan)
·         Lavash - a soft, thin crackerbread. (Armenia, Azerbaijan) 
·         Fattoush - a salad made of vegetables and pita bread. (Lebanon and Arab countries)
·         Tabbouleh - a salad made with fresh tomatoes, parsley, garlic, and bulgur wheat. (Middle East)
·         Khyar Bi Laban - cucumber and yogurt salad (Middle East)
·         Chorba - lamb stew with tomatoes and chickpeas (Morocco)
·         Fasulia - stew with green beans and meat (North Africa and the Middle East)
·         Bamia - a stew made with meat and okra (North Africa and the Middle East)
·         Mujadarra - a dish made with rice and lentils (Middle East)
·         Konafah - a pastry made with phyllo dough and cheese (Middle East)
·         Qatayef - a type of Arabic pancake filled with sweet cheese and nuts (Saudi Arabia, Palestine)
·         Ful medammes - fava beans cooked with garlic and spread on bread (North Africa)
·         Kolak - a fruit dessert made with palm sugar, coconut milk, and pandanus leaf. Fruits such as jackfruit or banana are added, or mung beans. (Indonesia)
·         Haleem - a porridge made of meat, wheat, and lentils. (India)
·         Paneer cheese (Persia and India)
·         Jalebi - deep-fried dough batter soaked in syrup. (Pakistan)

·         Shabi kebab - fried patties of ground meat and chickpeas. (India and Pakistan)

 pictures for ramadan



Hope you liked ramadan photos

Monday, 1 July 2013

Khan El Khalili Tour

Khan El Khalili

Khan El Khalili

There’s absolutely nothing in Cairo like exploring the enormous shopping labyrinth of Khan El Khalili, the city’s largest souk (market) that has preserved much of its original structure since its days as a famous medieval bazaar. Tourists and Egyptians alike arrive at this densely populated maze of streets and alleyways to find all sorts of gifts, including Egyptian antiques, fine handmade crafts  and spices.

 Khan El khalili How To reach!

It’s not a terribly far walk from Downtown Cairo, but the easiest way to get to Khan El Khalili is by taxi from Ataba or Tahrir Square.

Khan El khalili What To Buy?!

There are lots of treasures in Khan El Khalili that make great gifts. Be on the lookout for alabaster pyramids and statues.There are also several shops that sell quaint jewellery boxes, backgammon and chess boards made with mother of pearl designs.
There are several stores that sell Egyptian antiques, including lighting fixtures, movie posters and old books.

El Fishawy Café

Shopping in Khan El Khalili can be exhausting and overly stimulating. If all of the shopping has left you weary, and you’re looking for a nice mint tea and apple shisha, El Fishawy Café is just the place to do that. Open 24 hours a day, seven days a week for the past 250 years, this mirror-laden alleyway café has hosted dozens of notables including Egyptian literary legend Naguib Mahfouz. During the evenings, you might see oud players, poetry readings or women offering henna tattoos.
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Friday, 28 June 2013

Egyptian Museum Tour

How many of you  visited  Egyptian museum in Cairo ?

We will take you there for 46 minutes !

if you wanna more come here and spend all your day Enjoy knowing About Ancient Egyptian

History .Sure you always Welcome here.

Are you ready ?!

Let's Go !

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Egyptian Museum in Cairo/Egypt

Egyptian Museum in Cairo/Egypt

The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display, the remainder in storerooms.


The Egyptian Museum contains many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history.
 It houses the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities, and many treasures of King Tutankhamen.
The Egyptian government established the museum, built in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden. The museum moved to Boulaq in 1858 because the original building was getting to be too small to hold all of the artifacts.
In 1878, after the museum has been completed in Boulaq for some time, it suffered some irreversible damage; a flood of the Nile River caused the antiquities to be relocated to another museum, in Giza. The artifacts remained there until 1902 when they were moved, for the last time, to the current museum in Tahrir Square. 

Let’s see what’s inside …

There are two main floors in the museum, the ground floor and the first floor.
 On the ground floor there is an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used in the Ancient world. The numerous pieces of papyrus are generally small fragments, due to their decay over the past two millennia. Several languages are found on these pieces, including Greek, Latin, Arabic, and the Ancient Egyptian writing language of hieroglyphs. 

The coins found on this floor are made of many different metals, including gold, silver, and bronze. The coins are not only Egyptian, but also Greek, Roman, and Islamic. This has helped historians research the history of Ancient Egyptian trade. Also on the ground floor are artifacts from the New Kingdom, the time period between 1550 and 1069 BC.

 These artifacts are generally larger than items created in earlier centuries. Those items include statues, tables, and coffins (sarcophagi).

On the first floor there are artifacts from the final two dynasties of Egypt, including items from the tombs of the Pharaohs Thutmosis III, Thutmosis IV, Amenophis II, Hatshepsut, and the courtier Maiherpri, as well as many artifacts from the Valley of the Kings.

King Tutankhamun

Unlike many tombs discovered in Egypt, that of King Tutankhamun was found mostly intact. Inside the tomb there was a large collection of artifacts used throughout the King’s life. These artifacts ranged from a decorated chest, which was most likely used as a closet or suitcase, two ivory and gold bracelets, necklaces, and other decorative jewelry, to alabaster vases and flasks. The tomb was also home to many weapons and instruments used by the King. Although the tomb held over 3,500 artifacts, the tomb was not found completely intact. In fact, there had been at least two robberies of the tomb, perhaps soon after Tutankhamun's burial.

The best known artifact in King Tutankhamun’s tomb is the famous Gold Mask, which rested over the bandages that were wrapped around the King’s face. The mask weighs in at 11 kg (24.5 pounds) of solid gold, and is believed to represent what the King’s face really looked like.

Amenemope (pharaoh)

Pharaoh Amenemope was the son of Psusennes I. Amenemope/Amenemopet's birth name or  nomen  translates as "Amun in the Opet Feast.
" He served as a junior co-regent at the end of his father's final years according to the evidence from a mummy bandage fragment. All surviving versions of his Manetho's Epitome state that Amenemope enjoyed a reign of 9 years.

Both Psusennes I and Amenemopet's royal tombs were discovered intact by the French Egyptologist Pierre Montet in his excavation at Tanis/Egypt in 1940 and were filled with significant treasures including gold funerary masks, coffins and numerous other items of precious jewelry.
 Montet opened Amenemope's tomb in April 1940, just a month before the German invasion of France and the Low Countries in World War II. Thereafter, all excavation work abruptly ceased until the end of the war.

 Montet resumed his excavation work at Tanis in 1946 and later published his findings in 1958.
The Egyptologist Kenneth Kitchen states that there are few known monuments of Amenemope. His tomb at Tanis was barely 20 feet long by 12–15 feet wide, "a mere cell compared with the tomb of Psusennes I" while his only other original projects was to continue with the decoration of the chapel of Isis "Mistress of the Pyramids at Giza" and to make an addition to one of the temples in Memphis.
 Amenemope was served by two High Priests of Amun at Thebes—Smendes II (briefly) and then by Pinedjem II, Smendes' brother.

 Kitchen observes that :-

"in Thebes, his authority as king was undisputed--no less than nine burials of the Theban clergy had braces, pendants or bandages inscribed with the name of Amenemope as pharaoh and of Pinedjem as pontiff. Pen-nest-tawy, captain of the barge of Amun in Thebes, possessed a Book of the Dead dated to Year 5 of this king's reign." 

In the introduction to the third (1996) edition of his book on The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (TIPE), Kitchen notes that Papyrus Brooklyn 16.205 which mentions "a Year 49 followed by a Year 4 must now be attributed to the time of Psusennes I and Amenemope, [and] not to Sheshonk III and Pami. [ie. Pami] (cf.103, §83 below)" due to the discovery of a new Tanite king named Sheshonk IV who ruled for a minimum of 10 years between Year 39 of Sheshonk III and Year 1 of Pami.Consequently, the creation of this papyrus document must be dated to Year 4 of king Amenemope.

Four objects from king Amenemope's royal tomb preserve the name of his illustrious father Psusennes I including a collar and several bracelets. His funerary mask, now located in Egypt's Cairo Museum, renders a youthful depiction of the king. Unlike Psusennes I, Amenemope was buried with much less opulence since "his wooden coffins were covered with gold leaf instead of being of solid silver" while "he wore a gilt mask rather than one of solid gold." He was later reburied in the tomb of his father Psusennes I during the reign of king Siamun.

Psusennes I

Psusennes I, or [Greek Ψουσέννης], Pasibkhanu or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I [Egyptian ḥor-p3-sib3-ḫˁỉ--niwt] was the third king of the Twenty-first dynasty of Egypt who ruled from Tanis between 1047 – 1001 BC. Psusennes is the Greek version of his original name Pasebakhaenniut which means "The Star Appearing in the City" while his throne name, Akheperre Setepenamun, translates as "Great are the Manifestations of Ra, chosen of Amun."

 He was the son of Pinedjem I and Henuttawy, Rameses XI's daughter by Tentamun. He married his sister Mutnedjmet.

Professor Pierre Montet discovered pharaoh Psusennes I's intact tomb in Tanis in 1940. Unfortunately, due to its moist Lower Egypt location, most of the "perishable" wood objects were destroyed by water — a fate not shared by KV62, the tomb of Tutankhamun in the drier climate of Upper Egypt. However, the king's magnificent funerary mask was recovered intact; it proved to be made of gold and lapis lazuli and held inlays of black and white glass for the eyes and eyebrows of the object.Psusennes I's mask is considered to be "one of the masterpieces of the treasure[s] of Tanis" and is currently housed in Room 2 of the Cairo Museum. It has a maximum width and height of 38 cm and 48 cm respectively. The pharaoh's

"fingers and toes had been encased in gold stalls, and he was buried with gold sandals on his feet. The finger stalls are the most elaborate ever found, with sculpted fingernails. Each finger wore an elaborate ring of gold and lapis lazuli or some other semiprecious stone." 

Psusennes I's outer and middle sarcophagi had been recycled from previous burials in the Valley of the Kings through the state-sanctioned tomb-robbing that was common practice in the Third Intermediate Period. A cartouche on the red outer sarcophagus shows that it had originally been made for Pharaoh Merenptah, the nineteenth dynasty successor of Ramesses II. Psusennes I, himself, was interred in an "inner silver coffin" which was inlaid with gold. Since "silver was considerably rarer in Egypt than gold," Psusennes I's silver "coffin represents a sumptuous burial of great wealth during Egypt's declining years."

Dr. Douglass Derry, who worked as the head of Cairo University's Anatomy Department, examined the king's remains in 1940, determined that the king was an old man when he died. Derry noted that Psusennes I's teeth were badly worn and full of cavities and an abscess that left a hole in his palate, and observed that the king suffered from extensive arthritis and was probably crippled by this condition in his final years.

 Psusennes I's precise reign length is unknown because different copies of Manetho's records credit him with a reign of either 41 or 46 years. Some Egyptologists have proposed raising the 41 year figure by a decade to 51 years to more closely match certain anonymous Year 48 and Year 49 dates in Upper Egypt. However, the German Egyptologist Karl Jansen-Winkeln has suggested that all these dates should be attributed to the serving High Priest of Amun, Menkheperra instead who is explicitly documented in a Year 48 record. Jansen-Winkeln notes that "in the first half of Dyn. 21, [the] HP Herihor, Pinedjem I and Menkheperra have royal attributes and [royal] titles to differing extents" whereas the first three Tanite kings (Smendes aka: Nesubanebded, Amenemnisu and Psusennes I) are almost never referred to by name in Upper Egypt with the exception of one graffito and rock stela for Smendes.In contrast, the name of Psusennes I's Dynasty 21 successors such as Amenemope, Osochor, and Siamun appear frequently in various documents from Upper Egypt while the Theban High Priest Pinedjem II who was a contemporary of the latter three kings never adopted any royal attributes or titles in his career.

Hence, two separate Year 49 dates from Thebes and Kom Ombo could be attributed to the ruling High Priest Menkheperra in Thebes instead of Psusennes I but this remains uncertain. Psusennes I's reign has been estimated at 46 years by the editors of the Handbook to Ancient Egyptian Chronology. Psusennes I must have enjoyed cordial relations with the serving High Priests of Amun in Thebes during his long reign since the High Priest Smendes II donated several grave goods to this king which was found in Psusennes II's tomb.
During his long reign, Psusennes built the enclosure walls and the central part of the Great Temple at Tanis which was dedicated to the triad of Amun, Mut and Khonsu.

Sheshonk II

Heqakheperre Shoshenq II was an Egyptian king of the 22nd dynasty of Egypt. He was the only ruler of this Dynasty whose tomb was not plundered by tomb robbers. His final resting place was discovered within Psusennes I's tomb at Tanis by Pierre Montet in 1939. Montet removed the coffin lid of Shoshenq II on March 20, 1939, in the presence of king Farouk of Egypt himself. It proved to contain a large number of jewel-encrusted bracelets and pectorals, along with a beautiful hawkheaded silver coffin and a gold funerary mask. The gold facemask had been placed upon the head of the king. Montet later discovered the intact tombs of two Dynasty 21 kings—Psusennes I and Amenemope a year later in February and April 1940 respectively. Shoshenq II's prenomen, Heqakheperre Setepenre, means "The manifestation of Ra rules, the chosen one of Ra."

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